Learn About the Different Types of Counseling

Counselors and therapists assist their clients in various ways, and there are several unique kinds of counselors based on their specialty.

Continue reading to find out about different sorts of counselling careers and specialties it is possible to study and practice: family and marriage therapy, career counseling, mental health counseling, substance abuse counseling, and more.

Counseling Specialties

“Counseling” is a really broad category that encompasses lots of chances in any range of counseling subfields.

Counselors work in colleges, hospitals, rehabilitation centers, among other places, or they could maintain a private clinic, and there are lots of ways to concentrate through your counseling career.

Common Kinds of Counselors

Listed below are a Few of the most common types of counselors:

  • Marriage and family counseling
  • Guidance and career counseling
  • Rehabilitation counselling
  • Mental health counseling
  • Substance abuse counseling
  • Educational Counseling

It is not necessary to pick a specialization before you begin your master’s program in counselling, although a lot of students go into their counselling programs with one in your mind. 

Learn more: Accessible Psychology Services and Psychologists in Ontario | Dalton Associates

Don’t be shocked if, during your 2-year level and year of work, you end up in a place you hadn’t considered before grad school. Keep an open mind, and unless you really know what kind of counseling you would like to pursue, then pick a counseling degree in a conventional setting or a counselling degree online, which offers a variety of alternatives.

Along with the Principal specialties listed previously, counselors can also assist their customers using methods in areas such as these:

  • Debt counseling
  • Child growth counselling
  • Eating disorder treatment
  • Grief counseling
  • Art therapy
  • Musical therapy

Types of Mental Illnesses

In accordance with the National Institute for Mental Illness, roughly 26.2 percentage of adult Americans (over one in four) are affected by some sort of mental illness every year. Here are some of the mental illnesses that counselors work with:

  • Anxiety disorder
  • Attention deficit disorder
  • Bipolarity
  • Borderline character
  • Depression
  • Eating disease
  • Generalized stress
  • Obsessive-compulsive disease
  • Panic disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social phobia


Psychiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating mental illness.

They have an inclination to treat complicated and serious mental illness, and have a deep comprehension of bodily and mental wellbeing, and the way they influence each other.

Psychiatrists are the only mental health practitioners able to prescribe drugs, which they generally do (if acceptable) together with their use of psychological treatment (also known as psychotherapy), and brain stimulation therapies.

“If someone walks in with a biological dilemma — they’ve got schizophrenia or bipolar disorder — a broad-based psychiatrist is very likely to reevaluate medicine as part of their therapy.

“But if someone walked in with the injectable midlife crisis, a psychiatrist would not prescribe a medicine, but would counsel, and provide citizenship guidance,” Professor Parker states.

Psychiatrists operate in public and private colleges, community mental health services and private consulting rooms. You’ll require a referral from another doctor or the GP to see a psychiatrist.


Psychologists are experts in individual behaviour. They use scientific techniques to examine the elements that influence the way we think, feel, learn and behave.

Psychologists work in a variety of settings with a huge array of people: they cope with everything from depression, anxiety and eating disorders to connection issues and personal growth.

That’s because psychologists don’t just provide counseling and therapy to people with diagnosed psychological illnesses; they also work with emotionally healthy individuals to help them function better.

They can provide advice and assistance, give view, and teach coping approaches to individuals experiencing issues like significant change, anxiety, illness, grief, learning difficultiesand behavioral problems, substance abuse, relationship breakdowns, etc.

Psychologists utilize different kinds of psychological treatment (or talking therapies) to help individuals explore and challenge their behavior and thought processes.

“Cognitive behavioral treatment is central to that, since, over the last two decades or so, it has been the most evidenced-based remedy for a vast assortment of mental health problems,” states Alice Shires, director of the Psychology Clinic at the University of Technology Sydney.

When it comes to coping with more serious mental health concerns, clinical psychologists (and other technical psychologists) are best positioned to assist: they have additional training in analyzing and treating severe mental illness.


Counselors utilize talk-based treatment to help people to develop self-understanding and make adjustments in their own lives.

A counselor will let you speak through your personal concerns, gain perspective, develop coping strategies, and also boost self-awareness.

Counselors may also take on a case management role. Visit Barrie Counselling: Psychologist and Couples Counselling here.

“This implies they consider an entire support plan — including talking to additional services, generating referrals for service around home or service around something else,” Jayne Ferguson, adviser and senior clinician in Relationships Australia Victoria, said.

Contrary to psychiatry and psychology, counseling as a profession isn’t formally controlled. This means anyone can call themselves a counselor — whether they have completed a brief online course which teaches the fundamentals, or even six decades of college training.

“Even though a high proportion of counselors would have some rigorous instruction and training in counselling, a significant percentage don’t,” Professor Parker says.

But counselors can still play an extremely important and quite valuable role — especially those who have several years of experience in talk therapy. Visit Counselling Kitchener: Psychologist and Couples Counselling